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History of wine. Where was the first wine produced?

Wine is first made by whom and the place.

Although it isn’t recognized exactly the place and when the wine was first made, it was found from the documents obtained from the excavations carried out in numerous places that the wine was made before the oldest holy e-book, the Torah.

A researcher named Kliew states that the wine was made by the Sumerians in 5000 BC and that the wine was also produced in this space with the migration of this tribe to Babylon and Astir. Lenhard states that in Mesopotamia, viticulture and winemaking have been carried out in 3500 BC, and in 2000 BC a Sumerian queen was referred to by the identify ku-bau, which suggests wine service provider.

Wine can also be talked about in Sumerian mythology: there are even wine goddesses. Inanna is the goddess of fertility and love of the Sumerians and is considered the most essential goddess. Inanna's husband, Dumizi, is first appointed as her deputy at the request of the goddess; later Inanna
He decides to vary the fate of Dumizi and determine that his sister, Geshtinanna, alternates with Dumizi for six months. Dumizi produces beer and wine. Geshtinanna's identify means leafy winery. Wine pots, reliefs, golden wine glasses obtained from the excavations in Alişar, Alacahöyük and Konya Ereğlis are the proofs of the importance given to vineyards and wine throughout the Hittites ruling Anatolia for 1000 years. Again, in additional than 15 000 cuneiform tablets found in the excavations in Bogazkoy, we know that the Hittites knew about viticulture, that they made wine from the grape (Vitis vinifera) they grew and that they have been the people who drank this wine. In line with these sources, the hearts and gras of the animal have been introduced to the Gods and the different pieces have been introduced to the friends with beer and wine at the ceremonies held during the feasts of sacrifices. In the ceremonies of return to the struggle, the holy places have been sprinkled with wine and the king shredded his bread and provided it to the gods.

Because faith was of nice significance in the Hittites, many servants have been used, particularly in the path of the temples established in the capital, maintenance and full spiritual duties. Aside from the craftsmen, a large group of clergymen and nuns took care of the service of the gods and ready a large number of absolute servants of food and drinks. If they disrupted their duties, the gods can be indignant and the entire country would endure. Subsequently, a particular work and dwelling laws have been ready for the temple employees. In line with this regulation, if a servant is all the time negligent, careless, his master God is indignant with him; if the servant made his master indignant, the master would kill him or disfigure his nose, his eyes, his ears. The grasp might have killed the servant with all his kin. Subsequently, the Gods have to be respected. All cattle, sheep, breads, beers and wines had to be put in entrance of the Gods throughout the festivals celebrated in Hattusa. The wine must be hidden in the temple, and no one ought to be allowed to fill in the wine of God: whoever attempted to do so must be referred to as, “Lord punish you, and hold your entire home accountable bundan.

The other sacrifices and wine provided to the gods should have made God drink, be more entertaining with chipboard songs, wash the sculptures, beg for health, life, abundance, continuation of the line, briefly a cheerful life.

As you’ll be able to see, offering something to the gods is as previous as a human being.

As a matter of reality, in the document that provides prayers of the Hittite king ll.Arnuwanda and his spouse Ashmunikal, the following sentences are included: “We have respected the gods, the great king Arnuwanda and the great queen Ashmunikal. We will re-feed your cattle and sheep with your bread and wine victims. Take our side! We want to tell you how the enemy has attacked the Land of the Line, how it has been plundered and seized, and you want to be a plaintiff before them…. ”

In a aid of God Tarhu and King Warpalawas on the Htirites around the village of Ivriz, which is related to in the present day's Konya Freğlisi; There are two coarse grape bunches on it. Against this determine, the king is three meters tall. It’s written on the reliefs that the king prayed to God with Hittite hierographies.

From all this we will conclude that wine is a sacrifice in history in addition to an important sacrifice, and is a vital promise to God, particularly in prayers. In response to some sources, wine is a beverage that’s used to allow the clergymen to cross via them during the service. After the collapse of the Hittites in the early 1000 BC by establishing a kingdom in Japanese Anatolia, the richness of the Urartians who appeared on the stage of historical past for three centuries, particularly the giant crop fields and grape hugs of the Assyrian king III. We study from the paperwork about Sargon's Urartian expedition. Sargon explains how he destroyed these crops and vineyards.

In the 2000s, the Phrygians, a Thracian tribe who came to Anatolia with the migration of tribes referred to as the Aegean migrations, also developed wine manufacturing. An important function of the Phrygians is their success in the artwork of iron processing and the abundance of grape varieties.

The wine culture was first introduced to Greece after which to Rome by the Phoenicians in 2000 BC or by the Greek colonies on the Aegean coast in 1510. In 600 BC, he traveled from Rome to France by way of Marseille. In Greece and Rome, wine is gaining so much worth that it turns into an indispensable drink of ceremonies. Actually, it has been annotated for about 1000 years and the gods of wine in Greece are referred to as Dionysus, and in Rome, Baccus is known as.

Mythology about Dionysus, also referred to as Baccus, accommodates the following info.

Semele, daughter of Kodmos and Harmonia, was one of the ladies to whom Zeus was shot. Hera's endless jealousy leads poor Semele to an sudden destiny. Hera disguised as an previous man in his pants and stated to Semele. “Beg Zeus, and he will show you himself as God in all his glory.” Semele, who is bleeding, makes such a want from Zeus. Zeus exhibits up with lightning and lightning and Semele burns. He drops his seven-month-old youngster. This youngster is Bakkhos, or Dionysus, from Zeus. Zeus puts Dionysus in his thigh, which Semele had miraculously prevented from burning, and a dense leafy ivy that ended there. He then provides it to Hermes and sends him to Ino, Semele's sister, who lives together with her husband Athamas in Boiotia. However the jealous Hera will show itself here and can drive İno and her husband crazy. Ino throws her son in a boiling water tank and strangles her husband. When İno realizes the horror of his work, he throws himself into the sea together with his son's dying. The gods pity him and switch Ino right into a mermaid.

Zeus barely rescues her son from the jealous Hera and has to turn her into a goat. Hermes takes Dionysos to the unknown Nysa mountain, between the nymphs. These nymphs increase and practice Dionysus. Trainers embrace Silenus. When Dionysus was younger, he discovered the artwork of grape and wine making. In line with a rumor, he will get mad by jealous Hera because he missed this drink just a little an excessive amount of. Then he begins to journey the world together with his regiment of nympas and satyrs. In response to Apollodoros, when the God of Wine went to Egypt, he nonetheless couldn’t escape the madness. When he arrived at Phrygia, he was healed by Rheia. Then he went to Thrace. King Lykorgas is an enemy of grapes and wine. Arrests the whole regiment of Dionysus. Dionysus himself, on the bottom of the sea Thetis'in just shelter. However the holy vengeance isn’t delayed and the king Lykorgas goes mad. He thinks of a vine tree and attacks his son and after he has destroyed his legs, he involves him. The god of wine passes to the islands. The legend of this journey is advised: Dionysus was caught by pirates on the shore of a rocky island and asked to be taken to Egypt or Cyprus to be bought as a slave. However each time they tie Dionysus, the rope's spontaneous fall on the helm draws the attention of the helmsman: he warns his associates to let him go, considering that this young man may be a God. But no one cares about the helmsman. In the meantime, the entire ship sweats wine, sails and poles of vine branches, grape bunches begin to cowl. If the prisoner is young, he jumps on the captain and becomes a roaring lion. Seeing this, the pirates leap into the sea with worry and turn into dolphins. Solely the helmsman gets rid of this disaster.

The procession of Dionysus was referred to as ios thiosos ”. This procession was composed of Bakkhas aside from silenoses, satryls and nymphs. The Bakkhas have been “a procession of ladies celebrating the spiritual rites of God Dionysus-Bakkhos’. They cowl their bare bodies, like God himself, with noticed gazelle referred to as nebris, wrap their ivy wreaths on their heads and tyhrosos, ivy and vine leaves wrapped in pine cones at the end, and Ratetheks with straws that Promethus carries hearth to individuals. and at night time, on the mountains, on the slopes, in the woods, they might move via them, and they might intrude with God. These ladies who embraced the faith of Dionysus have been referred to as Tyhas (being ecstatic) in their moments of mature sovereignty; In the case of mainos, Dionysus was in a way having orgy with these adopted ladies.

Dionysus was a god of nature. The good drive he represented was not nature itself, however a relationship between man and nature, a magical drive that brought man to the secrets and techniques of nature. In Greek language this power known as maino-mai and enthousiasmos. To succeed in these secrets and energy of nature, that is, to grow to be God, was the most missed stage of transportation for Dionysus, who simply opened the method to this objective for everyone; this was wine and drunkenness. After spreading the vine stump to the earth, the next stage of civilization after wheat was realized, and after obtaining human wine, it had the energy to make modifications at the origin of creativity.